Neurological physiotherapy treats patients with neurological conditions, which are movement and functional disorders caused by impairments affecting the brain, spinal cord, and nervous system. Many patients with neurological conditions struggle with a loss of range of motion or function, muscle weakness, as well as decreased balance and stamina, which may severely affect their daily routines. Neurological physiotherapy works by stimulating the nervous system through various activities and exercises to improve strength, movement, balance, and coordination. Not only does neurological physiotherapy help with a patient’s mobility-related disorders, but it also helps them gain a better outlook and confidence on their conditions by improving their overall quality of life through:

  1. Better balance and coordination
  2. Improved walking
  3. Optimised function in affected areas
  4. Increased stamina and endurance
  5. Increased strength and less tension in affected muscles
  6. Reduced contractures
  7. Optimised independence

1) Stroke

A stroke is a sudden stop of the brain function due to a restriction or obstruction of the blood flow to a specific region of the brain, known as an ischemic stroke or a rupture of a blood vessel in any area of the brain, known as a hemorrhagic stroke. This can result in the sudden loss of brain function that can cause physical limitations, coordination and movement disorders, and cognitive or behavioural challenges, among other limitations. The symptoms depend on the severity of the stroke and the region affected in the brain, which makes the presentation unique for each patient.

Stroke rehabilitation (rehab) is the process of restoring a person’s abilities following a stroke. With the appropriate rehabilitation, the brain has the ability to reorganize itself, creating new pathways. This ability of the brain helps to regain independence, movement, skills, and abilities. Research in the field of stroke rehabilitation has identified many effective therapies and interventions to help improve patient outcomes after having a stroke.

Research facts :

    1. The sooner one starts rehabilitation, the more probable the recovery.
    2. Your rehabilitation journey should continue after leaving the hospital. Given the correct input, one can continue to improve given the correct input.
    3. Rehabilitation should continue until functional goals are met.
    4. Dedication, willingness to work and expert guidance will give you a greater chance of reaching your goals.
    5. Rehabilitation therapy should be performed by healthcare professionals who understand and specialise in stroke rehab.
    6. Stroke rehab takes time! Recovery can occur over months to years.
    7. Stroke patients should be engaged in meaningful, repetitive and progressive exercise programs.
    8. Exercise will not always be easy following a stroke, but it is essential for optimising recovery.

2) Parkinson’s

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative condition. It is caused by insufficient quantities of dopamine – a chemical in the brain. Dopamine enables quick, well-coordinated movement. When dopamine levels fall, movements become slow and awkward. Parkinson’s has both motor and non-motor symptoms, and while it cannot be cured, it can be treated. Parkinson’s disease in Asia is relatively common, and approximately 1 in 125 people live with the condition. Hallmark Treatment plan for you will include the following:
  1. Providing a list of specific exercises to strengthen weak muscles so that fatigue is reduced and muscle power and control are regained
  2. Helping with techniques on how to perform basic movements to help improve your mobility/ walking capacity.
  3. Improving your balance to reduce your risk of falls.
  4. Improving your coordination.
  5. The use of massage, electrotherapy and/or acupuncture to help relieve the pain.
  6. If required, we can make recommendations for physical therapy at home, at an outpatient facility, or at a nursing or rehabilitation facility.

3) Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)

An acquired brain injury (ABI) is the result of damage to your brain that may occur at any time during your life. An ABI can cause many different problems for the person affected. It is different from an intellectual disability or a mental illness. Acquired brain injury (ABI) is any type of brain injury that happens after birth. It covers many different situations rather than just one disease or condition, and it may occur in many different ways.

It could be due to Injury to the brain due to vehicle accidents, tumours, brain/spinal cord infections, or even alcohol and drug abuse.

To some extent, medically, the treatment will depend on what has caused the ABI.

But people with an ABI will also need treatment depending on what kind of problems their condition is causing them. For example, someone who has paralysis needs treatment designed for their situation. Someone with speech issues will be treated under that category. It is likely to involve rehabilitation that will focus on the areas they have difficulty.

Rehabilitation takes time. Although the biggest improvements usually come in the first few months after an injury, recovery can continue for years afterwards. Some people have to learn to live with some of the effects of an ABI on a more permanent basis

× Ask a Physiotherapist